Allergies – let’s not let it overshadow our vacation!
Summer, sun, warmth… Sounds great, doesn’t it? There is only one moment that often overshadows this wonderful time of the year – an unpleasant reaction to the surrounding, blooming nature, called allergies. Its medical name is pollinosis, or hay fever. Trees and grasses are covered with pollen, which can cause allergies. In summer, the most allergenic grasses are cereals and weeds such as corn, wheat, rye, nettle or plantain.
Since pollen is an aeroallergen (that is, airborne), the reaction is most pronounced in the respiratory tract. The most common allergy symptoms:
- Runny nose, stuffy nose
- Redness of the eyes
- Sore throat
Less common symptoms are urticaria (skin blisters), angioedema (subcutaneous swelling), and atopic dermatitis (skin inflammation).
There are also products that are similar in compound to certain types of trees and plants, in which case they can cause the same allergenic reaction as tree and grass allergens – they are called cross (in relation to allergens already causing a reaction). In this situation, you should refrain from eating them in order not to provoke an even stronger allergy.
For example, most fruits and berries are similar to birch, and if you are allergic to cereals, it is better not to eat flour products and not to drink beer, since they have a very similar compound and hence relate to each other. If you have an allergy to weeds, you should refrain from eating watermelon, melon, halva and vegetable oils.
In case of a pronounced allergy, you should consult a doctor who will diagnose you by taking skin particles that contain allergens for analysis, or by doing a blood test.
The easiest way to deal with allergies is to avoid contact with allergens. If this is not possible, the allergist will prescribe a specific treatment to get rid of the symptoms and will also give appropriate recommendations.
The most popular treatment for allergies is allergen-specific immunotherapy, during which a small dose of the allergen is introduced into the human body. This is done either under the skin (subcutaneously) or under the tongue (sublingually). As a result, the immunity of an allergic person gets used to this substance and the reaction to the allergen decreases or it may simply disappear.
Another treatment option is symptomatic, that is, aimed at reducing the intensity of symptoms. Salt solutions and nasal filters for the nose, antihistamines and other drugs are used that do not treat the cause of the allergy but relieve its symptoms.
In no case should you self-medicate in case of an allergy but rather consult a doctor for advice and recommendations for appropriate treatment. Contact your TeleDoc doctor, who is available 24/7 from anywhere in the world.
Also, there is another summer cause of allergies – insect bites. Their saliva contains substances that can be allergenic to many organisms. Most often, allergies are caused by stings of bees, wasps and tropical ants, but mosquitoes and midges can often cause the same reaction.
Symptoms different from the first type of allergy:
- Redness, itching, pain, swelling of the skin at the site of the bite
The rest of the symptoms are similar to the reaction to hay fever, which causes the pollen of trees and plants.
At the first sign of an allergy caused by an insect bite, you should immediately consult our TeleDoc doctor to avoid possible complications.
During the summer, as well as during the beach season, outdoor recreation and riverside barbecues, it is very difficult to avoid this type of allergy, however, we recommend that people who are prone to various types of allergies stay away from places where there is a high probability of being bitten by insects, and also not to attract them to you with a rich aroma of perfume.
Take care of yourself!