Catching a cold – What is it and what does it look like?

Catching a cold – What is it and what does it look like?

“I seem to have caught a cold … I’m coughing all day and having a runny nose” – how often do we hear such phrases? Let’s figure out what is hidden under the phrase” to catch a cold”.

In fact, this is a completely colloquial term, not used in medicine. Doctors call the common „catching a cold” that is known to us otherwise – ARVI, which means “acute respiratory viral infection.”

Due to the fact that the virus enters a body, a respiratory disease occurs. Most of all, this disease affects the throat, nose and lungs.

ARVI is an infectious disease that is more common among children than among adults, due to less strong immunity at a young age. It is transmitted by airborne droplets, that is, when coughing and sneezing, but you can also become infected from direct contact with a sick person, that is, through kisses or hugs, as well as when using the same dishes or clothes. Therefore, for those who have already caught the virus, it is the best to isolate themselves for the safety of others.

This infection promotes the release of toxins into the blood, which transmits them to different parts of the body. To destroy them, the patient’s body raises the temperature.


 In the first days after the disease a person usually feels weak, and over time the number of symptoms increases: 

  • Runny nose, sneezing
  • Redness of the throat, cough
  • Inscreasing body temperature 
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • General malaise 
  • Pain in the eye area 


Consultation with a doctor is the first thing to do when signs of illness appear. Many people are used to treating colds on their own, but due to the emergence of the Covid-19 virus, it is advisable to take a express test due to similar symptoms in these two diseases, and also contact your doctor. He can prescribe the most suitablemedicine for you and prescribe the treatment that will be most effective.

However, there are generally accepted actions that usually help speeding up the recovery process.

If you have already been infected, it is very important to give the body a rest for a few days, not to overload it and to follow the home regime. It is also helpful to drink plenty of water and tea. When coughing, it is best to increase the humidity of the air and add honey to drinks. There are many drugs that boost immunity and relieve specific symptoms, but it is important to take them only after consulting your doctor, who will take into account the specifics of your body.

The risk of contracting ARVI increases with a weakened immune system. Hypothermia, lack of proper nutrition, chronic diseases, frequent use of large amounts of medications and stress usually lead to it. In order to avoid this disease, it is worth trying to exclude the above factors from everyday life, which will lead to the strengthening and stability of immunity.